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Y 养老基金 pension fund 一刀切 universal application;non-discretionary implementation 一级市场 primary market 应收未收利息 overdue interest 银行网点 banking outlets 赢利能力 profitability 营业税 business tax 硬贷款(商业贷款) commercial l
W 外部审计 external audit 外国直接投资 foreign direct investment (FDI) 外汇储备 foreign exchange reserves 外汇调剂 foreign exchange swap 外汇占款 the RMB counterpart of foreign exchange reserves;the RMB equivalent of offcial foreign exch
S 三角债 chain debts;inter-enterprise arrears 善政廉政 good governance 商业贷款 commercial loans 上市公司 (publicly)listed corporations 设备利用 capacity utilization 社会保障 social safety net;social security(insurance) 深层次矛盾 deep
Q 企业办社会 enterprises burdened with social responsibilities 企业集团战略 corporate group strategy 企业兼并重组 company merger and restructuring 企业领导班子 enterprise management 企业所得税 enterprise(corporate)income tax 企业效益 cor
M 买方市场 buyer's market 卖方市场 seller's market 卖出回购证券 matched sale of repo 贸易差额 trade balance 民间信用 non-institutionalized credit 免二减三 exemption of income tax for the first two years ofmaking profit and 50% tax reductio
share, equity, stock 股票、股权; bond, debenture, debts 债券; negotiable share 可流通股份; convertible bond 可转换债券; treasury/government bond 国库券/政府债券; corporate bond 企业债券; closed-end securities investment fund 封闭式证券投资
K 开办人民币业务 to engage in RMB business 可维持(可持续)经济增长 sustainable economic growth 可变成本 variable cost 可自由兑换货币 freely convertible currency 控制现金投放 control currency issuance 扣除物价因素 in real terms;on inflatio
I. History of Money 一、货币历史 Money's got a very colourful history, because a number of things have been used in the place of what we use as money. Feathers, shells, cloth salt in Roman times when the Roman soldiers were paid in salt an
J 基本建设投资 investment in infrastructure 基本经济要素 economic fundamentals 基本适度 broadly appropriate 基准利率 benchmark interest rate 机关团体存款 deposits of non-profit institutions 机会成本 opportunity cost 激励机制 incentive mech
如果一个英国人和你说:I put my tit for tat on my crust of bread and my daisy roots on my plates of meat and fell down the apples and pears because I was elephant's trunk. 你能理解他的意思吗? 他的实际意思是:I put my hat on my head and my
H 合理预期 rational expectation 核心资本 core capital 合资企业 joint-venture enterprises 红利 dividend 宏观经济运营良好 sound macroeconomic performance 宏观经济基本状况 macroeconomic fundamentals 宏观调控 macroeconomic management(or adjus
G 改革试点 reform experimentation 杠杆率 leverage ratio 杠杆收购 leveraged buyout 高息集资 to raise funds by offering high interest 个人股 non-institutional shares 根本扭转 fundamental turnaround(or reversal) 公开市场操作 open market ope
E 恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation 二级市场 secondary market F 发行货币 to issue currency 发行总股本 total stock issue 法定准备金 required reserves;reserve requirement 法人股 institutional shares 法人股东 institutional shareholders 法治 rule of
D 打白条 issue IOU 大额存单 certificate of deposit(CD) 大额提现 withdraw deposits in large amounts 大面积滑坡 wide-spread decline 大一统的银行体制 (all-in-one)mono-bank system 呆账(请见坏账) bad loans 呆账准备金 loan loss reserves(p
C 财务公司 finance companies 财政赤字 fiscal deficit 财政挤银行 fiscal pressure on the central bank(over monetary policy) 财政政策与货币政策的配合 coordination of fiscal and monetary policies 采取循序渐进的方法 in a phased and sequenced

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